The prostate gland is a male reproductive organ and its main function is to secrete prostate fluid, one of the components of semen. The prostate enlargement problem is more common among men after they attain the age of 50 years. Frequent need to go for urination, problems while urinating, delayed urination are some of the many problems associated with prostate enlargement issue. It is good if we have some information about the problem of prostate enlargement like what is prostate enlargement, prostate enlargement symptoms, prostate enlargement causes, prostate enlargement treatment. In this article, we will discuss about like what is prostate enlargement, prostate enlargement symptoms, prostate enlargement causes, prostate enlargement treatment.

Home Remedies for Prostate Gland Enlargement

What is prostate enlargement?

Urine passes out of the body via urethra tube and it is surrounded by the prostate gland just beneath the bladder. A prostate is a muscular gland. It’s about the size of a walnut. Prostate enlargement can happen to almost every man as they grow older. As the size of the gland increases, it can assert pressure on the urethra which results into problems related to urination and bladder.

The prostate enlargement is often called Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH). It should not be confused with cancer and that it does not raise the risk for prostate cancer.

Prostate Enlargement Symptoms

The continuous decrease in size of the urethra due to increment in size of prostate gland can cause trouble while urinating. Some men experience pin in bladder or a burning sense while urinating, blood in the urine. Men with BPH have symptoms of the disease. The symptoms may be listed as follows:

  • A weak urine stream
  • Difficulty starting urinating
  • Dribbling at the end of urinating
  • Needing to urinate two or more times per night
  • Inability to urinate
  • Incomplete emptying of your bladder
  • Incontinence
  • Pain with urination
  • Blood in urine
  • Slowed or delayed start of the urinary stream
  • Straining to urinate
  • Strong and sudden urge to urinate

 Acupressure for Prostate Gland Enlargement

Prostate Enlargement Causes

The actual cause behind prostate enlargement is not known. Factors like changes in the cells of the testicles and aging are responsible for growth of the prostate gland. The likelihood of development of an enlarged prostate increase with age. The exception to the problem of prostate enlargement are the men who had their testicles removed at a young age (may be because of testicular cancer). There is another condition in which the prostate gland may shrink in size instead of enlargement. This happens when the testicles are removed after a man develops BPH.

As the number of cells increases, the prostate grows larger. However, it is unknown about the precise reason for this increase. During the early stage of prostate enlargement, the muscles of the bladder become thicker and urine is forced through the narrowed tube of urethra. This results in increased sensitivity of the bladder muscle, thus causing a need to urinate more frequently.

As the size of the prostate increases and the urethra gets squeezed, resulting into the bladder getting problem in becoming completely empty.

Prostate Enlargement Treatment

The treatment of the problem will be based on how bad the symptoms are. Your doctor will also consider other medical problems you may have. If the prostate enlargement condition worsens and symptoms like blood in the urine are present, consult a doctor immediately. Men over 50 years of age should have their prostate gland checked annually by a physician even if they have no symptoms. This procedure allows your doctor to roughly estimate the size and consistency of the prostate. You can have your urine check for blood or any signs of infection. Your blood may be tested for kidney problems or sent for a screening test for prostate cancer. After the diagnosis process is over, you may be recommended immediate treatment if the symptoms are mild. And then, one or more exams may be conducted per year to ensure that prostate enlargement is not creating any problem.  One should not completely rely on these medical treatments, taking some precautions can also help in avoiding the complications of prostate enlargement, like:

  • One should not delay urination once an urge is experienced. You should go and urinate as soon as you feel the urge, and empty the bladder completely. Also, go to the bathroom regularly, even if you don't feel a need to urinate.
  • Avoid caffeinated drinks and alcohol, especially after dinner.
  • Avoid drinking a lot of fluid all at once. Don’t drink any fluid before 2 hours of bedtime.
  • Cold weather and lack of physical activity may worsen the condition. Keep yourself warm and exercise regularly.