Home Remedies for Sciatica Nerver Pain can be described as a medical condition characterized by pain starting from the lower back and running down to the leg.The pain may get down the back, front or outside the leg. Generally, the symptoms appear only on one side of the body. However, the pain may spread to both legs. In some cases, the patients may feel a lower back pain but it is not always present. In addition to this, weakness or numbness may also occur in certain parts of the affected leg and foot. In the following article, we will discuss about what is sciatica pain, how to determine sciatica causes, what are the sciatica symptoms, how sciatica diagnosis and sciatica treatment are done and how acupressure for sciatica is helpful.

As we mentioned above sciatica is a severe pain in one or both the legs along the sciatic nerve. The sciatic nerve is three-quarters of an inch in diameter and the longest and largest nerve in the body. The sciatic nerve travels through your pelvic region also. It originates in a network of nerves in the lower back (also termed as lumbosacral spine). The lumbosacral spine is a combination of the lumbar spine and the sacrum. The movement and feeling (that is the motor and sensory functions) in the parts of leg like thigh, knee, calf, ankle, foot and toes is enabled by the sciatic nerve and its nerve branches. The sciatic pain is felt in the back of the leg starting from the buttock going down to the back of the thigh and then knee. Behind the knee, the large nerve breaks down into smaller nerves and branch out from the sciatic nerve to travel from the calf to the ankle and then foot and toes.

sciatica pain

What are Sciatica Causes?

The sciatica pain may begin abruptly or gradually and is characterized by sudden and shar pain. Pain may be uniformly distributed along the leg, but frequently there are certain spots where pain is more intense.

  • Nerve compression can cause sciatic pain
  • Extreme movement of the leg often intensifies the pain.
  • Pain is often associated with numbness and/or tingling in the distribution of the sciatic nerve
  • Irritation of the nerve roots which compromise the sciatic nerve
  • Ruptured intervertebral disc
  • Narrowing down of the spinal canal (the spaces the spinal cord runs through) and compression of the spinal cord or sciatic nerve roots.
  • Sciatica may also occur during pregnancy as the weight of the foetus presses he sciatic nerve during sitting or during leg spasms.
  • Infection or tumour

 

Sciatica Symptoms

Sciatic pain usually affects only one side of the body. We ca narrow down the sciatica symptoms into following list.

  • A sharp or dull shock pf pain beginning from the buttock that travels downward to the thigh.
  • Sciatica extends below the knee down to the foot.
  • Sometimes sciatica symptoms contain compression in sciatic nerve or tingling and numbness.
  • Difficulty in sitting and standing.
  • Increase in pain due to coughing and sneezing.

 

Sciatica Diagnosis

Sciatica diagnosis is done by physicians by examining the patient's medical history with a review of current medications in addition to physical and neurologic examination. In some cases, X-rays, CT scan and MRI studies are also helpful. A proper sciatica diagnosis requires an analysis of the patient's pain. A pain diagram is often helpful in describing the patient about the pain distribution and sensation (that is tingling and burning). The patient's range of body movement and motion of affected part is observed. In addition to this, muscle strength and reflexes are tested. One or more movement tests are also done by the physician to determine the source or cause of the pain.

Sciatica Treatment

A temporary relief may be find using first-line treatments, but sometimes in case of chronic pain, more intensive nonsurgical methods are necessary. For example,

  • Epidural steroidinjections consisting steroid administered directly into the spine that reduces inflammation and provides pain relief
  • Spinal manipulation to reduce sciatica by adjusting spinal structures to a more comfortable position. Hence, removing pressure from sciatic nerve as well as the lower spine.
  • Exercise and physical therapy are commonly used to strengthen and relax the muscles along with spinal structures

In addition to above treatment methods, alternative treatments methods such as acupuncture, acupressure for sciatica or massage therapy are very helpful in getting relief from sciatic pain. Acupressure for sciatica has also been effective for relieving sciatic pain and lower back pain.